Automata is a 2014 science fiction action film starring Antonio Banderas. The film is directed by Spanish director Gabe Ibáñez and co-written by Ibáñez with Igor Legarreta and Javier Sánchez Donate. Along with Banderas, the film stars Birgitte Hjort Sørensen, Melanie Griffith, Dylan McDermott, Robert Forster and Tim McInnerny. In 2044, solar flares have irradiated the Earth, killing over 99% of the population and causing technological regression. The survivors build primitive humanoid robots, called Pilgrims, to help rebuild in the harsh environments. These robots have two unalterable protocols: they can not harm any form of life, and they may not modify themselves or other robots. Initially seen as mankind's salvation, they are relegated to manual labor when they fail to stop the advance of desertification.