12 Monkeys is a 1995 American science fiction film directed by Terry Gilliam, inspired by Chris Marker's 1962 short film La Jetée, and starring Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe, and Brad Pitt, with Christopher Plummer and David Morse in supporting roles. In 2013, Gilliam called it the second part of a dystopian satire trilogy begun with 1985's Brazil and concluded with 2013's The Zero Theorem. A deadly virus wipes out almost all of humanity in the years 1996 and 1997, forcing the survivors to live underground. James Cole is a prisoner living in a facility beneath Philadelphia circa 2027. Cole is selected for "volunteer duty", where scientists train him and send him through time on a mission to collect information on the virus, thought to have been released by an organization known as the Army of the Twelve Monkeys. If he is successful at locating the virus, a scientist will be sent to study the original virus in the "past" and develop a cure in the "present". Cole is troubled by recurring dreams involving a chase and an airport shooting. Cole arrives in Baltimore in 1990, not 1996 as planned. He is arrested and hospitalized in a mental institution on the diagnosis of Dr. Kathryn Railly.